By Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)
The car of the long run has to fulfill basic specifications: the super-efficient use of strength and gear and the ultra-safe transportation of individuals and items either positive factors are more and more enabled through shrewdpermanent, adaptive and context acutely aware details and conversation applied sciences (ICT), electric or digital parts and structures instead of completely through the mechanical technique of vintage automobile engineering. the main complex instance of this pattern is the electrified motor vehicle combining a whole electrical powertrain with thoroughly digital controls like shrewdpermanent energy and effort managers, steer-by-wire applied sciences and clever networking functions. it's been the venture of the overseas discussion board on complicated Microsystems for car functions (AMAA) for greater than twelve years now to observe paradigm shifts and to debate their technological implications at an early degree. as a result, the subject of the AMAA 2010 is “Smart structures for eco-friendly autos and secure Mobility”. This e-book includes peer-reviewed convention papers offered on the convention via specialists of significant businesses and best educational associations. They file on ongoing study and novel advancements within the box of ICT, elements and structures permitting the auto and highway delivery of the long run. a selected concentration is on easy applied sciences and complicated functions of electrified and electrical autos, street and passenger defense, motive force advice, site visitors administration and powertrain potency. because of this wide insurance of subject matters with regards to sustainability of the auto either the AMAA occasion and this e-book serve the spreading of information generated within the framework of the ecu eco-friendly vehicles Initiative. additional info is on the market on www.amaa.de.
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Extra resources for Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility
A standard parameter defining the On Demand system is the dynamic range = [Minimum speed / Maximum speed]. Typically TruSense technology achieves a dynamic range of less than 5%. For instance a fuel pump with a maximum speed of 8000 rpm can be operated reliably down to 400 rpm. 3 Low Noise Operation Blowers inside the cabin or water pumps in electric vehicles require low noise operation. Sinusoidal operation of so called PMSM motors is a challenge for BEMF operated controllers since there is no free running coil, and thus there is zero-crossing detection window.
6 the experimental data recorded during the test performed on an urban drive cycle and the relative status of ICE motor are reported. Fig. 6. Operating points of ICE with Start&Stop in real drive cycle. Start&Stop Energy Management Strategy for a Plug-In HEV: Numerical Analysis and Experimental Test List of Symbols Fuel consumpted for the cycle considered ρC Average content of carbon in gasoline  [g/l] Amount of battery energy consumpted from battery for [%] the cycle considered MmCO2 Molar mass of CO2 [g/mol] Litres of fuel necessary to replace 1% of the battery energy by the ICE [l/%] MmC Carbon molar mass [g/mol] HLHV Lower heating value for gasoline [MJ/kg] ϕ Coefﬁcient for incomplete combustion in ICE [-] Ebatt Amount of energy stored into the battery pack [kWh] European average CO2 emission  [g/kWh] ηch Overall efﬁciency of charging process [-] Cost of fuel [€/l] Cost of electrical energy [€/kWh] cfuel ∆SOC crech f ηPS European percentage of electrical energy produced by fossil sources  Average european thermoelectrical power station efﬁciency  Tab.
All the single devices represented have been considered: driver, vehicle control system, Li-ion battery, inverter and electric motor, gear box, clutch, ICE motor, fuel tank, auxiliary on board electrical loads and the longitudinal dynamic of the vehicle. The numerical simulation model has so been used in order to correctly size the performances of the electrical drive train. The numerical simulation model considers as input the drive mode and the reference speed which is given to the pilot model.
Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility by Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)