By P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith
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Extra info for Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98
37. H. , "Rheology", Fortschr. Verfahrenstechnik, 1985, 23, 3. 38. M. Mueller, PhD Thesis, Aachen University of Technology, 1999. 39.
The fracture mechanical data n o w available for iron carbonate scales on low alloy steel are listed in Table 3. They match closely with values from theoretical calculations. 5. Critical Wall Shear Stresses for FILC Initiation Comparison of the data for the fracture stress or adhesion of iron carbonate scales with wall shear stresses produced in flowing technical media (10°-105 Pa) (Table 1)  clearly indicates that hydrodynamic forces expressed in terms of wall shear stresses are orders of magnitude too small to cause destruction and spalling of scales from CO 2 and H2S corrosion of carbon steels and to initiate FILC.
6. Risk (= Cost x Probability of Failure) A s s e s s m e n t We now have all the elements necessary to calculate the risk of failure. The risk is calculated by multiplying the cost of failure (Fig. 14) by the probability of failure (Fig. 13). The results are shown in Fig. 15. The cost of failure is relatively low, maximum around US$ 700 000. This means that, with these assumptions, the cost of failure makes a small contribution to the NPV (Net Present Value) of the carbon steel plus inhibition option.
Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98 by P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith