By Sara Rubinelli
Ars Topica is the 1st full-length research of the character and improvement of topoi, the conceptual ancestors of contemporary argument schemes, among Aristotle and Cicero.
Aristotle and Cicero configured topoi in a manner that stimulated the following culture. Their paintings at the topos-system grew out of an curiosity in making a idea of argumentation which may stand among the rigour of formal good judgment and the emotive strength of rhetoric. the program went via a sequence of advancements and alterations because of the interaction among the separate goals of gaining rhetorical effectiveness and of keeping dialectical standards.
Ars Topica offers a finished remedy of Aristotle’s and Cicero’s equipment of topoi and, via exploring their courting, it illuminates a space of historical rhetoric and common sense which has been obscured for greater than thousand years.
Through an interpretation that's philologically rooted within the ancient context of topoi, the publication lays the floor for comparing the relevance of the classical techniques to fashionable examine on arguments, and even as presents an creation to Greek and Roman thought of argumentation focussed on its most crucial theoretical achievements.
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Extra resources for Ars Topica: The Classical Technique of Constructing Arguments from Aristotle to Cicero (Argumentation Library, Volume 15) (English and Greek Edition) by David S. Levene
58). In light of the observations made in this and the previous paragraph, I agree with De Pater (1965 and 1968) that the value of a topos rests on its having two functions, namely a selective function (a topos is a device to find arguments) and a guarantee function (a topos is a kind of inference link that grants the plausibility of the step from certain premises to controversial claims). Both these functions deserve further consideration. As we have seen, a topos helps speakers construct certain types of argument: it gives different sorts of information needed for this purpose.
This clause brings the corollary of the previous one: while each topos is valid for one closely defined type of argument only, there is no theoretical limit to the number of particular cases to which it can be applied. 35 Supra 14. 38 Such characteristics are not typical of all terms and when they do not occur speakers must look for different topoi. It is for this reason that, as part of the presentation of the topoi, Aristotle often specifies the terminological requirements for their application.
It is for this reason that, as part of the presentation of the topoi, Aristotle often specifies the terminological requirements for their application. ] ( ὰν δ Ï πρός τι τὸ εἶδος, σκοπε ν εἰ)» (Topics Δ 4, 124b 15) «Next, in dealing with things which have like parts, you must see […] (ἐπὶ τ ν ὁμοιομερ ν σκεπτέον)» (Topics E 5, 135a 20) As a way to summarize all the essential and additional elements that can occur in the description of a topos, I present here two topoi in diagrammatic form. The elements are introduced according to the order set out by Aristotle: 1.
Ars Topica: The Classical Technique of Constructing Arguments from Aristotle to Cicero (Argumentation Library, Volume 15) (English and Greek Edition) by David S. Levene by Sara Rubinelli