By Benjamin Belmudez

ISBN-10: 3319141651

ISBN-13: 9783319141657

ISBN-10: 331914166X

ISBN-13: 9783319141664

The paintings provided during this e-book makes a speciality of modeling audiovisual caliber as perceived by means of the clients of IP-based strategies for video verbal exchange like videotelephony. It additionally extends the present framework for the parametric prediction of audiovisual name caliber. The ebook addresses numerous facets concerning the standard conception of complete video calls, specifically, the standard estimation of the one audio and video modalities in an interactive context, the audiovisual caliber integration of those modalities and the temporal pooling of brief sample-based caliber rankings to account for the perceptual caliber impression of time-varying degradations.

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For example, Möller et al. [122] showed that an unimpaired narrowband condition obtains a higher rating in a narrowband-only test than in a mixed-band test were high-quality wideband conditions are used. The range of impairments is recommended to be ecologically valid by representing the range of intensity experienced in realistic usage cases. The scale should also be labelled with comprehensive descriptors in order for the subjects to make use of the appropriate categories. The “order effect” accounts from the order in which the stimuli are presented to the assessors.

The model encompasses degradations due to non-optimum loudness, noise, non-linear codec distortions, echo, absolute delay, sidetone, and packet loss (for IP-based networks). The values of the parameters are estimated during the network planning phase which allows to plan the quality of future transmission networks. The overall conversational quality is given as a transmission quality rating, denoted R, which is computed as the sum of impairments factors. The additivity property of these impairment factors stems from the additivity theorem of Allnatt [5].

For real-time transmission, the use of these techniques is limited as they increase the overall end-to-end delay. On the receiver side, packet loss concealment (PLC) algorithms can be applied in order to artificially predict the data that has been lost and therefore the amount of impairments during playout. The PLC algorithms are, in most cases, codec dependent as they rely on the mechanisms used for encoding. 5 Media Decoding and Playout Complete or recovered encoded video frames are fed to the decoder that will produce a stream of displayable video frames.

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Audiovisual Quality Assessment and Prediction for Videotelephony by Benjamin Belmudez

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